OTHER NAME: Peregrine; Duck Hawk
STATUS IN OKLAHOMA:|
Rare to erratic visitant throughout state; usually found about large reservoirs and rivers; September (September 2) - April (May 26); records in July and August.
"Oklahoma Bird Life" by: Frederick M. & A. Marguerite Baumgartner
The Peregrine Falcon is a large falcon where both male and female look alike. The female, or the falcon, is about 1/3 larger than the male, or tiercel. Adults have a dark slate blue color to the back and wings, a dark blue tail that is lightly barred. The head is dark with a dark stripe running down the side of the face, the cere, legs and feet are bright yellow. The adults underside are light with veritcle streaks across the breast, belly and legs. The immature birds are normally brown on the back, the top of the head, and wings with light undersides streaked with brown.
The Peregrine Falcon is normally found in open spaces that are usually associated with high cliffs and bluffs that overlook rivers and coasts. Many cities with tall buildings have become homes to pairs of Peregrines. Many populations are migratory, their names meaning "wandering falcon" and will travel great distances.
The Peregrine Falcon feeds mostly on birds that are taken in the air. Highspeed dives enable enable Peregrines to catch anything from song birds to herons and ducks.
The nest is scrape made on the bare rock of a cliff. The bird will lay two (2) to four (4) eggs. There are records of Peregrines nesting in trees and on ledges of tall buildings and under bridges.
The Peregrine Falcon is listed as an endangered species, both on Federal lists and by the Sate of Minnesota. These birds are currently bred in captivity and released in the wild and used for falconry.